The housing market is poised for a major overhaul with three new added dimensions: 3D-printed homes. Simply put, the world’s first 3D-printed home is set to be built in Amsterdam by a Dutch firm, DUS architects. With a six-meter-tall 3D printer designed for the purpose of constructing the home, the KamerMaker can undoubtedly revolutionize the housing market.
3D printing begins as a vision or idea and is communicated through a digital model. Using CAD or computer aided design users create a blueprint of the object that they want to print. The computer breaks the object up into digital cross-sections so that the printer understands the object and can build it layer by layer. In addition, the cross sections are guides for the printer, which scales the exact shape and size of the object for ideal printing.
Once the design phase is completed, the file is sent to a 3D printer to be produced. Before the design is produced, the material that will be used for production must be chosen. 3D printers can use plastics, rubber, polyurethane-like materials, paper, metals, and many other types of materials.
3D printing uses a process called additive manufacturing, in which objects are constructed by adding consecutive layers of materials. This process is completely different than subtractive manufacturing, which is when an object is constructed by cutting raw materials into the desired shape.
The majority of 3D printers work by squeezing or spraying a material onto a platform. After several passes over the platform, the printer sprays or deposits layer on top of each layer until the product is finished. This can take several hours, days, or less depending on the speed and the type of printer.
3D Printing and The Housing Market
Residential construction can be greatly ramped up by a method of 3D printing called contour crafting.
Contour crafting is an effective method that was developed with the intention of boosting 3-D printing to a much larger scale with several advantages over man-built homes.
By using computer programming and robotics, 3-D printing can actually build stronger and cheaper houses in practically any design even a two-story home. It’s projected that contour crafting can potentially construct a 2,500 square-foot house with significantly less risk to the workers, at an increasingly low price, in a breathtaking 24 hours.
Benefits of 3D Printing to Housing Market
- 3D printing will be cheaper than conventional home building dues to less manpower requirements. As designs become more complex, 3D printing will offer exponentially more cost savings than conventional home building.
- 3D printing offers safety to both those who are living in the structures and those who are on the construction sites. Simply put, structures that are curved are much stronger, and pillars that have greater densities on their edges are much sturdier. In addition, the fewer workers on construction sites will reduce the number of deaths and injuries.
- 3D printing offers architects the ability to dream it and simply design it. Traditionally, many of the more complex designs may have been too difficult and too expensive to create with the conventional designs.
Potential Housing Market Costs of 3D Printing
- As 3D printing becomes more and more proliferated, the number of construction jobs will undoubtedly decrease. In addition, as the ability to create dream homes with computer aided design becomes more available for consumers, the need for architects will drastically decrease.
- The housing market could suffer a drastic hit due to the sudden emergence of bigger, cheaper, and more elaborate homes. While these features are desirable to consumers, banks and current owners will be stuck with overpriced and under the water mortgages.
History of 3D Printer
When the inkjet printer was created in 1976, the first notion of 3-D printing was birthed. The concept for the 3D printer was based on the notion of changing the printing medium from ink technologies to printing with materials.
In 1984, Charles Hull founded 3D printing, which was a process that enabled tangible three-dimensional objects to be created from digital data. Hull’s design allowed users to actually test a design before paying for the entire manufacturing program. Since Hull’s original design, there have been several advancements in the size and the materials that the printers can use.
Instead of waiting six months on the development of your new home, a 24-hour 3D-printed home is seemingly more attractive. This new 3D-printing option is poised to revolutionize the housing market and lead the world into a truly new dimension.